The next day she sank. Halsey was promoted to the rank of fleet admiral in December 1945, and he retired in 1947. Then from May onward Halsey presided over the final naval campaign, steering his fleet into another typhoon on June 5. Jeremy Brett, actor; best known for his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes in the Granada TV productions of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's stories about the detective. By mid-February, Japan had captured what once had been called impregnable—the port of Singapore—and was pushing westward into Burma. However Halsey's mistake was not in attacking Ozawa. Captain Halsey was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1938, commanding Carrier Divisions for the next three years, and as a Vice Admiral, also serving as the USN overall Commander of the Aircraft Battle Force. It proved barely enough. They turned the tide at Midway, when — taking advantage of a sky momentarily clear of Japanese fights — Commander Clarence McClusky (Luke Evans) led just a handful of dive-bombers against the Japanese fleet, mortally damaging three of the four carriers in around five minutes. The First Carrier Striking Force’s remaining flattop, the Hiryu, escaped the onslaught, and its commander quickly ordered 18 D3A1 Val bombers and six Zero fighters to attack the U.S. carriers. The operation was part of Japan’s strategy to isolate Australia, and its goal was the capture of the Allied base of Port Moresby in New Guinea. Japanese intercepts were increasingly referring to “AF,” the probable attack location, but where was it? Halsey, aggressive as ever, chose to ignore some of the signs and remained in position to support the Mindoro landings. Gordon W. Prange, Donald M. Goldstein, and Katherine V. Dillon, Miracle at Midway (New York: McGraw Hill, 1982). Halsey’s command of the famous Doolittle Raid against Tokyo in April 1942 powerfully enhanced his public image (in some quarters it was even the “Halsey–Doolittle” Raid). It brought an eerie symmetry to Halsey’s career, as his first assignment out of Annapolis had been on Missouri’s namesake predecessor four decades before. Toward that end, in mid-1944, Nimitz established two huge and “separate but equal” fleets: the Third under Halsey and the Fifth under Spruance. That was just a glimpse of the atrocities that followed. Halsey, however, had developed a severe skin rash and was confined to a hospital. By the time the Japanese aircraft arrived over the atoll, the U.S. planes based there had scrambled. Four battlewagons, eight swift cruisers, and eleven destroyers had defied the Americans’ serene confidence and completed their transit of San Bernardino in the dark. Nevertheless, in planning the Philippines attack for October 1944, Nimitz threw the old seadog a bone by adding, “In case opportunity for destruction of a major portion of the enemy fleet is offered or can be created, such destruction becomes the primary task.”. Halsey was promoted to full admiral that month, in acknowledgment of the South Pacific’s growing importance. In the wee hours of the twenty-fifth, the last major surface action in naval warfare history occurred in Surigao Strait, between Leyte and Mindanao. Admiral Nimitz gave them three days to get the Yorktown back in the water ... and they did it. As South Pacific commander he had disposed of perhaps three carriers and two battleships at a time: now he had four task groups, each with that many ships or more. Kinkaid was more of a company man than the Bull, but apparently neither appealed the communication plan to MacArthur or to Nimitz. On one such mission, Halsey left Pearl Harbor on November 28, 1941, flying his pennant on the carrier Enterprise, and delivered marine fighters to Wake six days later. Halsey, William, born 30-10-1882 in Elisabeth, New Jersey. In his memoir, Halsey sacrificed his long friendship with Kinkaid by writing, “I wondered how Kinkaid had let ‘Ziggy’ Sprague get caught like this.” While Kinkaid was not without fault—he could have posted a picket destroyer in the strait— Halsey had failed in his responsibility to protect the amphibious craft and tried to pass the blame. What might have happened had the Japanese destroyed the three U.S. carriers and won at Midway is very debatable and open to speculation, but Australia and perhaps Hawaii would have been the next Japanese targets. Halsey, however, had developed a severe skin rash and was confined to a hospital. John B. Lundstrom, The First Team: Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1984). Halsey’s Enterprise task force began a series of hit-and-run raids against the periphery of the Japanese Empire: the Gilbert and Marshall islands in February, Wake and Marcus in March. Antiaircraft fire and A6M2 Zero fighters fended off the Vindicators, and again no hits were scored. And, just like in the film, Washington, D.C. doubted Rochefort's prediction Japan was planning on attacking Midway. MacArthur had required that messages between Halsey and Kinkaid go through his headquarters in the Admiralty Islands. When “some drunken correspondent,” in Halsey’s words, changed “Bill” Halsey to “Bull,” the name stuck. The final boats arrived on station on the 3rd, the same day the Second Carrier Striking Force opened the Aleutians operation by bombing Dutch Harbor. Gaido was still considered MIA in 1943, when his Distinguished Flying Cross was given to his father. Soon after the planes were recovered, however, U.S. carrier planes of various types began attacking. It was nature herself, and this time Bull Halsey was completely outmatched. By this time, however, Nagumo had received an 0820 message that the group of 10 ships was accompanied by what appeared to be an aircraft carrier. The next day the storm had mutated into a full-grown typhoon, with heaving seas and ninety-knot winds. James "Scotty" Reston, New York Times reporter, editor and columnist. Halsey was a Vice Admiral, promoted on 13 June 1940, and Fletcher was a Rear Admiral, promoted on 1 November 1939. Updates? Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., in 1904, Halsey As a first to last combatant of the Pacific War, he launched aircraft into the Sunday surprise on December 7, 1941, and forty-five months later stood witness to the end of Imperial Japan on the deck of the battleship Missouri. The First Carrier Striking Force was to approach the atoll from the northwest. The USS Seawolf had a freighter in her sights just a week after Pearl Harbor; seven of her torpedoes missed, one hit, and that one? In April 1942 his group maneuvered close enough to Tokyo for Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle’s planes to carry out the first bombing of the Japanese capital. Halsey dithered for over an hour before he even replied to the dire message from the south. By Heavenly Dispensation. If there's one thing that can be said for people today, it's that they're used to seeing big-screen productions that tell the story of real events and people ... but take more than a bit of creative license with the truth. From 1942 to mid-1944 Halsey directed the U.S. campaign in the Solomon Islands. Vice Admiral Halsey was at sea in his flagship, USS Enterprise. But the outcome was bad enough: an escort carrier and three other ships were lost, and another escort carrier was sunk that day by kamikazes. The two commanders would work together again, and not entirely for the best. But Halsey had allies if not always friends in high places. Vice Admiral William “Bull” Halsey’s Task Force 16, which included the Enterprise and Hornet, had arrived at Pearl on 26 May. Because the Lexington had been sunk and the Yorktown heavily damaged at Coral Sea, Nimitz was left with two serviceable carriers: the Enterprise (CV-6) and Hornet (the Saratoga [CV-3] would not arrive from the West Coast in time for the coming battle). MacArthur’s insistence on running naval messages through his headquarters complicated an already dire situation, but more trouble was soon apparent. After breathing caustic soda from a faulty oxygen canister, his tuberculosis flared up. The mighty clash between Japanese and U.S. naval forces in June 1942 ended in a stunning—and surprising—Allied victory. Nothing. While the United States rebuilt its fleet, he directed surprise forays on Japanese-held islands in the Marshalls and Gilberts as well as on Wake Island. The carrier engagement on October 26, 1942, resulted in an American tactical defeat: Hornet was sunk in exchange for damage of two Japanese flattops.